Lesson 1

Lesson 2

Lesson 3

Lesson 4

Lesson 5

Lesson 6

Lesson 7

Lesson 8

Lesson 9

Lesson 10

Lesson 11

Lesson 12

Lesson 13

Lesson 14

Lesson 15

Lesson 16

Lesson 17

Lesson 18

Lesson 19

Lesson 20

Lesson 21

Lesson 22

Lesson 23

Lesson 24

Lesson 25

In the third lesson we will study how to ask someone's first names, as well as some basic phrases for introductions.

3.01 Asking for a first name

你叫...
Nǐ jio...
You are called...
你叫什么...
Nǐ jio shnme...
You are called by what...
你叫什么名字?
Nǐ jio shnme mngz?
You are called by what name?
她叫...
Tā jio...
She is called...
她叫什么...
Tā jio shnme...
She is called by what...
她叫什么名字?  
Tā jio shnme mngz?
She is called by what name?
 

Notes:

The sentence pattern for asking for a first name is:

Pronoun + call (叫) + what (什么) + name (名字)?

什么 shnme what is an interrogative pronoun, and the first of the big six question words we will encounter (who, what, when, where, why and how)

3.02 Hello! - a simple dialogue

A 你好!
   Nǐ hǎo!

B 你好! 我是马特。你叫什么名字?
   Nǐ hǎo! Wǒ sh Mǎt. Nǐ jio shnme mngz?

A 我叫莎拉。
   Wǒ jio Shālā

Notes:

你好! Nǐ hǎo! Hello! is the most common greeting in China, a direct translation would be "You good!"

In Chinese as well as English there are two main ways to state your name, the first being 我叫... Wǒ jio My name is... and the second being 我是 Wǒ sh I'm...

3.03 Nice to meet you! - everyday expressions

很...
Hěn.
Very...
很高兴...
Hěn gāoxng...
Very nice...
很高兴认识
Hěn gāoxng rnshi...
Very nice to meet...
很高兴认识你。
Hěn gāoxng rnshi nǐ.
Very nice to meet you.

 

Notes:

It is also possible to state 认识你很高兴 Rnshi nǐ hěn gāoxng. This version does not follow the English pattern,instead it places the emotional state at the end rather than the beginning of the sentence. Literally it means something like "To know you is very pleasing". Both are equally valid ways of stating the same thing.

Vocabulary point:

认识 rnshi is a verb that means to know, to recognize, to be familiar with

高兴 gāoxng is an adjective that means happy, elated, the literal meaning of the first character of the word, 高 gāo means high and the second character 兴 xng means interest

1.04 Hello! - the extended dialogue

莎拉: 你好!
        Nǐ hǎo!

马特: 你好! 我是马特。你叫什么名字?
        Nǐ hǎo! Wǒ sh Mǎt. Nǐ jio shnme mngz?

莎拉: 我叫莎拉。 很高兴认识你。
        Wǒ jio Shālā. Hěn gāoxng rnshi nǐ.

马特: 我也很高兴认识你。
        Wǒ yě hěn gāoxng rnshi nǐ.

Vocabulary point:

马特 Mǎt and 莎拉 Shālā are phoneticizations of the English names Matt and Sarah.

is an adverb that means also.

Some examples:

我也是美国人。 Wǒ yě sh Měigurn. I am also an American.

她也是学生。 Tā yě sh xushēng. She is also a student.

1.05 What's his name? - concept and vocabulary review dialogue

A: 他叫什么名字?
    Tā jio shnme mngzi?

B: 他叫马特。
    Tā jio Mǎt.

A: 他是美国人吗?
    Tā sh Měigurn ma?

B: 是,他是美国人。
    Sh,tā sh Měigurn.

A: 他是留学生吗?
    Tā sh lixushēnɡ ma?

B: 是,他是留学生。
    Sh, tā sh lixushēnɡ.

1.06 Hello teacher! - supplementary concept and vocabulary review dialogue

马特: 老师, 您好!
Lǎoshī ,nn hǎo!
张老师: 你好!你是留学生吗?
Nǐ hǎo! Nǐ sh lixushēnɡ ma?
马特: 是,我是留学生。
Sh, wǒ sh lixushēnɡ.
张老师: 你叫什么名字?
Nǐ jio shnme mngz?
马特: 我叫马特。
Wǒ jio Mǎt