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In the third lesson we will study how to ask someone's first names, as well as some basic phrases for introductions.
3.01 Asking for a first name
Notes:3.02 Hello! - a simple dialogue
The sentence pattern for asking for a first name is:
Pronoun + call (叫) + what (什么) + name (名字)?
什么 shénme what is an interrogative pronoun, and the first of the big six question words we will encounter (who, what, when, where, why and how)
Notes:3.03 Nice to meet you! - everyday expressions
你好! Nǐ hǎo! Hello! is the most common greeting in China, a direct translation would be "You good!"
In Chinese as well as English there are two main ways to state your name, the first being 我叫... Wǒ jiào My name is... and the second being 我是 Wǒ shì I'm...
It is also possible to state 认识你很高兴 Rènshi nǐ hěn gāoxìng. This version does not follow the English pattern,instead it places the emotional state at the end rather than the beginning of the sentence. Literally it means something like "To know you is very pleasing". Both are equally valid ways of stating the same thing.
Vocabulary point:1.04 Hello! - the extended dialogue
认识 rènshi is a verb that means to know, to recognize, to be familiar with
高兴 gāoxìng is an adjective that means happy, elated, the literal meaning of the first character of the word, 高 gāo means high and the second character 兴 xìng means interest
Vocabulary point:1.05 What's his name? - concept and vocabulary review dialogue
马特 Mǎté and 莎拉 Shālā are phoneticizations of the English names Matt and Sarah.
也 yě is an adverb that means also.
我也是美国人。 Wǒ yě shì Měiguórén. I am also an American.
她也是学生。 Tā yě shì xuéshēng. She is also a student.
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