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In the second lesson we will learn how to make simple questions using the question word 吗? ma?
So how do you make a question? Well, we're glad you asked! All you have to do is add 吗? ma?
to the end of the sentence.
In fact, it's much easier than in English, where you have to switch the verb and noun (I am going to the store vs. Are you going to the store?)
In Chinese it is the equivalent of being able to say, "You are going to the store, question?"
We will also learn about countries and nationalities.
2.01 Simple questions
2.02 Countries and Nationalities
Notes: To make a statement about a person's nationality, simply add the character 人 rén to the name of the country. There is no difference between singular and plural, thus 美国人 could mean an American or Americans.
There is another word for referring to people in the abstract, 人民 rénmín. For instance, the Chinese people would be 中国人民 zhōnɡɡuó rénmín, a phrase you see a lot in political situations.
2.03 Pronouns + Nationality complement in statement and question form
Notes:Wow! Our first dialogue in Chinese - did you understand it all? Hopefully you did, as it contains vocabulary and sentence structures we have already covered. In just a short time, you have learned to share information in Chinese in a meaningful way. If you go to China you will have many, many opportunities to practice the above dialogue, in fact you might get quite sick of it. Still, regionalisms are a big thing in China, and talking about where the other person is from can be a great way to develop a real conversation.
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